Performing Administrative Tasks Using Central Administration (part 28) - Content Deployment

1/23/2011 4:13:47 PM
7.6. Content Deployment

In SharePoint 2010, content deployment is a feature of the Web Content Management (WCM) that allows multifarm topologies for deploying content from sites or site collections to remote sites or site collections. You could use the ability to transfer content in this way to create a staging environment in which you have an authoring environment that needs to go to an approval environment to be approved, and finally on to a production environment. You can use this flexibility of content deployment in both intranet environments and Internet-facing sites. Because you are deploying the content between site collections, this feature can be used between sites on the same server as well as sites on completely different farms. Multiple farms can have a configuration in which you have an Internet-facing Web site in one farm while another farm resides behind a firewall. You make changes to the Web site in the farm behind the firewall and then deploy those changes to the Internet-facing Web site at specified intervals.

7.6.1. Configure Content Deployment

Before you can create deployment paths and jobs, you must first enable the destination farm to accept incoming jobs, as shown in Figure 58. You can then specify which servers will be performing the import and export operations in the farm to allow deployment jobs to be sent and received by those servers in the farm. You can also enable encryption for improved security during the deployment of data, and you can specify the temporary storage location for files that are involved in the deployment process.


Make sure you have plenty of disk space on the temporary storage location folder, because some deployment jobs can be quite large if the source site contains a large amount of content in its lists and libraries.

Figure 58. Content Deployment Settings page

7.6.2. Configure Content Deployment Paths and Jobs

In content deployment, you are restricted to deploying the content in one direction—it is not a two-way synchronization tool. To deploy content, you need to configure both a path and job. The path defines the source site or site collection as well as the destination site or site collection. The job defines the frequency with which the content is deployed. Furthermore, you can configure the deployment to affect only content that has changed since the last deployment, so you are not deploying content that has not changed. This reduces the amount of content being transferred.

Creating a Content Deployment Path When a farm is enabled to accept incoming jobs, you can create the path between the sites and also the jobs that utilize those paths. A path in content deployment is a relationship between two specific site collections that must be configured; you also must designate the authentication method to use when a connection is established to complete the deployment. To create a content deployment path, complete the following steps using the Create Content Deployment Path page shown in Figure 59.

  1. Enter a path name and description.

  2. Select the source Web application and the associate site or site collection.

  3. Specify the URL of the destination Central Administration website that will receive the incoming content. Ensure that the website has been enabled to receive incoming deployment jobs.

  4. Specify the authentication method that should be used to establish the connection to the destination server.

  5. Specify the destination Web application and the site or site collection that is receiving the content.

  6. Indicate whether to deploy user names and security information along with the deployed content, such as the Access Control Lists (ACLs) and group membership for the content stored in the document libraries.

Figure 59. Create Content Deployment Path page

Creating a Content Deployment Job After you have defined a path, you can associate multiple jobs with the path to utilize the relationship between site collections. The jobs you create can be set up to deploy only certain sites in the site collection as well as to identify when the job is scheduled to run. To create a content deployment job, follow these steps using the Create Content Deployment Job page shown in Figure 60.

  1. Enter a job name and description.

  2. Select a path to use for the job. (You can only associate the job with one path.)

  3. Specify whether or not you want to create and use SQL Server snapshots for the job.

  4. Choose whether you want to deploy the entire site collection or subsites contained in site collection.

  5. Create a schedule for the job that defines how frequently the deployment should occur.

  6. Choose if you want to deploy all the content or just changes since the last time the job ran.

  7. Define the settings for the e-mail notification process for job successes and failures.

You can also configure reports that will follow the progress of the jobs as they transfer between the site collections.

Figure 60. Create Content Deployment Job page

7.6.3. Check Deployment of Specific Content

You use this option to check the deployment status for a particular object. Type the URL of the object in the URL box and then click Check Status to get details about the source and destination of the deployment process.

8. Configuration Wizards

By default, the Configuration Wizards functional category contains only one section, Farm Configuration, and one option within that section, the Launch The Farm Configuration Wizard link. Microsoft anticipates that additional wizards will be added to SharePoint Central Administration, either by Microsoft or other third-party vendors; when they are available, they can be stored in this functional category.

8.1. Launch the Farm Configuration Wizard

If you chose not to run the Farm Configuration Wizard during SharePoint installation, you can still run it at a later time by accessing it here, through Central Administration. You use this wizard to install and configure the numerous service applications available in SharePoint 2010.

After you launch the wizard, you will be prompted to specify if you want the wizard to walk you through the settings to install and configure the service applications, which is the default, or if you prefer to configure everything yourself. If you choose the option to configure the settings yourself, you will exit out of the wizard.

If you choose the option Walk Me Through The Wizard Settings, you will notice that any service applications that have already been configured are unavailable. However, if you have not installed any service applications before running the wizard, all of the available service applications will be selected to be installed and configured, except for the Lotus Notes Connector.

You can clear the check boxes associated with any service applications that you don’t want the wizard to install and configure, then simply run the wizard again at a later date if you find that you require those services. After the wizard completes, it may prompt you to create a site collection for your intranet portal, and again you let the wizard create this site collection or choose not to do so and create your own at your convenience.

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